Publication Ethics

Ethical Guidelines for Journal Publication

The ethics of publishing articles in this journal  refers to the Regulation of the Head of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) Number 4 of 2014 concerning the Code of Ethics for Scientific Publications. Publication ethics are applied to maintain the quality and credibility of the journal's scientific publications.

Pubication Decision

Editor is responsible for deciding which submitted articles should be published. The validation of the work and its importance to researchers and readers should always drive this decision. Editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by applicable legal provisions, such as defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Editors may confer with other editors or peer partners in making these decisions.

Aspects of Justice

Editors any times evaluate the text for the intellectual content of the authors regardless of the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnicity, nationality, or political views.


Editors and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about submitted articles to anyone other than authors, reviewers, potential reviewers, other appropriate editors, and publishers.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Material not published in a proposed article may not be used in the editor's own research without the written consent of the author.

Duties of Reviewers (Peer-Reviewers)

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer-Reviewers assist editors in making editorial decisions and can assist writers in improving the quality of articles through editors.


Any selected reviewers who feel they do not meet the requirements / interest to review the articles or do not have enough time to review must immediately notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.


Any articles received for review must be treated as confidential documents. Manuscripts must not be shared or discussed with others unless authorized by the editor. 

Standard of Objectivity

Reviews must be conducted objectively. Personal criticism from the author is not permitted. Reviewers must state their views clearly with supporting arguments. 

Source Recognition

Reviewers should identify relevant published works that have not been cited by the authors. Statements that previously reported observations, derivations, or arguments must be accompanied by relevant citations. Reviews should also state to the editor if there is any substantial similarity or overlap between the articles under consideration and any other articles published. 

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Information or ideas obtained in the review process must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should reject articles in which they have a conflict of interest because of competition, collaboration, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the reviewed articles.  

Duties of Authors

Reporting Standards

The author (of the original research report) must present an accurate report of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of the significance of the research. The underlying data must be accurately included in the articles. An article must contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to imitate the work. Reports of fraud or intentionally providing inaccurate information are unethical and unacceptable behavior.

Data Access and Retention

Authors are required to provide original data related to the manuscript for editorial, and must be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with ALPSP-STM Data and Database Statements), if possible, and should in any case save such data after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors must ensure that they have written completely original works, and if the authors have used the works and/or words of others so those have been appropriately cited.

Multiple, Redundant and Concurrent Publications

Authors may not publish articles describing the essence of the same research in more than one journal or major publication. Submitting the same article for more than one journal at the same time is an unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior.

Source Recognition

Proper recognition of the work of others must always be given. Authors must cite publications that have been influential in determining the work they report on 

List of Articles’ Authors
Authors should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the reported research. Everyone who has made a significant contribution must be registered as a co-author. Other people or parties who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they must be recognized or registered as contributors. The correspondence author must ensure that all suitable authors are listed in the articles and that there are no non-conformists, and that all authors have viewed and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to submission for publication.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

All authors must disclose in their articles for any substantive or financial conflicts of interest that may be interpreted to affect the results or interpretation of their manuscripts. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed

Fundamental Errors in Published Works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his published work, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the manuscript.